Different Types of Rock Climbing

There is nothing more thrilling, exciting and fun filling than rock climbing. The climbers climb up, down or across natural or man-made rock formations to reach the top point of the formation.

Modern rock climbing is divided into several parts.

Types of Rock Climbing

Aid climbing– It involves the use of gear or other mechanical means for going up the rock formation. This is done when the formation is not meant for walking up by using feet and hands.

Free climbing– It does not require gear or other means for climbing up. Ropes are used for protection purpose only. The climber is dependent on his own skill and strength. This is also known as free from direct aid.

Free soloing– This type of rock climbing does not involve any kind of helping instrument. A single person climbs without any protection. A fall may result in serious injury or even death. This is also called soloing.

Bouldering– It is performed on large boulders, small rock formations or artificial rock walls. Ropes and harnesses are not used. It is quite safe as the route is short and artificial.

Deep water soloing– In this type of climbing, water is present at the base of climb. This protects the climbers from injury if they fall. It is a form of soloing done in high difficult routes and no equipment’s are used for this.

Roped solo climbing– This is also a form of soloing but without a climbing partner. Rope protection is used which makes it less dangerous. If there is an accident there is no one for help as there is no partner which makes is difficult in that case.

Lead climbing– In this, as the climber goes up the cliff or rock, he clips the rope into the bolts that are fixed on the surface of the rock. There is a lead climber who takes up the anchor and the rest follow him with clips with them. The climbers are trained before they actually do lead climbing as it is difficult.

Multi pitch climbing– In this type of climbing, there are several climbing routes with one or more stops in between. These stops or stations in between are called pitches. In this also there is a lead climber who is followed by other climber. The main purpose of these pitches is to allow the second climber to reach the place of the lead climber.

Traditional climbing– Also known as trad climbing, it involves the use of all protection techniques that can be used while climbing. They are required to protect against any falls and injuries. There is a lot of risk and adventure involved in this.

Sport climbing– It is easier, more convenient and safer in comparison to others. It already has permanent anchors fixed on the rocky surface for safety against falls. Less technical skill are required and there is low mental stress as the climber feels safe.

rock climbing women

Top rope climbing– An anchor is present at the top and the bottom of the climb. The climber is safely attached to a rope which is also attached with anchors. This type of climbing is done when lead climbing cannot be done and the climber can hike or scramble to the cliff.